Integrating Landscapes Agroforestry For Biodiversity Conservation And Food Sovereignty PDF Download

Integrating Landscapes  Agroforestry for Biodiversity Conservation and Food Sovereignty PDF
Author: Florencia Montagnini
Publisher: Springer
Size: 43.84 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 501
View: 3689

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Agroforestry systems (AFS) are becoming increasingly relevant worldwide as society has come to recognize their multiple roles and services: biodiversity conservation, carbon sequestration, adaptation and mitigation of climate change, restoration of degraded ecosystems, and tools for rural development. This book summarizes advances in agroforestry research and practice and raises questions as to the effectiveness of AFS to solve the development and environmental challenges the world presents us today. Currently AFS are considered to be a land use that can achieve a compromise among productive and environmental functions. Apparently, AFS can play a significant role in rural development even in the most challenging socioeconomic and ecological conditions, but still there is a lot of work to do to reach these goals. Considerable funding is spent in projects directed to enhancing productivity and sustainability of smallholders forestry and agroforestry practices. These projects and programs face many questions and challenges related to the integration of traditional knowledge to promote the most suitable systems for each situation; access to markets for AFS products, and scaling up of successful AFS. These complex questions need innovative approaches from varying perspectives and knowledge bases. This book gathers fresh and novel contributions from a set of Yale University researchers and associates who intend to provide alternative and sometimes departing insights into these pressing questions. The book focuses on the functions that AFS can provide when well designed and implemented: their role in rural development as they can improve food security and sovereignty and contribute to provision of energy needs to the smallholders; and their environmental functions: contribution to biodiversity conservation, to increased connectivity of fragmented landscapes, and adaptation and mitigation of climate change. The chapters present conceptual aspects and case studies ranging from traditional to more modern approaches, from tropical as well as from temperate regions of the world, with examples of the AFS functions mentioned above.

A Joint Stocktaking Of Cgiar Work On Forest And Landscape Restoration PDF Download

A joint stocktaking of CGIAR work on forest and landscape restoration PDF
Author: Gitz, V.
Publisher: CIFOR
Size: 31.63 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 131
View: 6218

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Despite the high level of political engagement and the wide range of organizations involved in restoration projects from local to global levels, beyond some success stories, restoration is not happening at scale. To address this issue, three CGIAR Research Programs (CRPs) – Forests, Trees and Agroforestry (FTA); Policies, Institutions and Markets (PIM) and Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE) – decided to bring together their expertise in a joint stocktaking of CGIAR work on restoration. This publication illustrates with concrete examples the powerful contribution of forest and landscape restoration to the achievement of most, if not all the 17 sustainable development goals. It can be used to support the design of future restoration activities, programs and projects. We hope that this document will help upscale restoration efforts and deliver enhanced impact from our CGIAR research.

Agroforestry As A Tool For Landscape Restoration PDF Download

Agroforestry as a Tool for Landscape Restoration PDF
Author: Florencia Montagnini
Publisher: Nova Biomedical Books
Size: 27.24 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 201
View: 307

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This book provides an overview of recent efforts to apply agroforestry technologies to landscape restoration in degraded lands located in tropical and temperate regions world-wide. Topics discussed herein vary according to the specific circumstances of ecosystem or landscape degradation, ranging from extreme conditions and solutions such as sand embankments and vegetative barriers in arid regions of Sudan, to degraded agricultural or pasture lands, implementing successional analogue ecosystems in the Brazilian Amazon, "agrotropic-rainforestry" systems in Cameroon, traditional shifting agricultural technologies without burning in Madagascar, agrosilvopastoral systems in Costa Rica, or reforestation with taungya systems in Venezuela.

Land Restoration PDF Download

Land Restoration PDF
Author: Ilan Chabay
Publisher: Academic Press
Size: 69.21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 598
View: 2768

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Land Restoration: Reclaiming Landscapes for a Sustainable Future provides a holistic overview of land degradation and restoration in that it addresses the issue of land restoration from the scientific and practical development points of view. Furthermore, the breadth of chapter topics and contributors cover the topic and a wealth of connected issues, such as security, development, and environmental issues. The use of graphics and extensive references to case studies also make the work accessible and encourage it to be used for reference, but also in active field-work planning. Land Restoration: Reclaiming Landscapes for a Sustainable Future brings together practitioners from NGOs, academia, governments, and the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) to exchange lessons to enrich the academic understanding of these issues and the solution sets available. Provides accessible information about the science behind land degradation and restoration for those who do not directly engage with the science allowing full access to the issue at hand. Includes practical on-the-ground examples garnered from diverse areas, such as the Sahel, Southeast Asia, and the U.S.A. Provides practical tools for designing and implementing restoration/re-greening processes.

Emerging Markets For Ecosystem Services PDF Download

Emerging Markets for Ecosystem Services PDF
Author: Quint Newcomer
Publisher: CRC Press
Size: 71.38 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 387
View: 3927

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Practical ideas provided by a case study of the Panama Canal Watershed Exciting opportunities await the use of market mechanisms for protecting forest ecosystems. However, questions remain on how to best apply these mechanisms. Emerging Markets for Ecosystem Services: A Case Study of the Panama Canal Watershed provides an integrated, interdisciplinary methodological approach for evaluating market opportunities for watershed services, carbon sequestration, and biodiversity protection. Using the Panama Canal Watershed as a case study example, this probing resource addresses the main questions often asked about the various practical aspects of the emerging markets for ecosystem services, including quantifying value, payment structure, and equitable distribution of benefits. Environmental issues are often at odds with economic and business concerns. Emerging Markets for Ecosystem Services examines practical strategies to integrate diverse aspects into coherent strategies that benefit all. A scientific overview of the science and current knowledge provides a solid foundation to build policy and positive direction using the Panama Canal Watershed as an example. This unique resource sheds useful light on the challenges and provides insightful recommendations for areas struggling with ecosystem issues and the application of market mechanisms. This text is extensively referenced and includes several tables to clearly illustrate data. Topics in Emerging Markets for Ecosystem Services include: an overview of carbon sequestration in natural forests, exotic plantations, native plantations, and agroforestry systems policy tools to help reduce barriers to selling carbon credits alternatives for increasing demand for land-use-based carbon sequestration actions to encourage land managers to protect water quantity and quality receiving full value of watershed protection approaches to bioprospecting sustainable tourism as a source of funding to support biodiversity conservation markets for eco-labeled products improving markets for ecosystem services in Panama and more Emerging Markets for Ecosystem Services: A Case Study of the Panama Canal Watershed is a valuable resource for land management professionals, educators, and advanced undergraduate and graduate students.

Agroforestry PDF Download

Agroforestry PDF
Author: Jagdish Chander Dagar
Publisher: Springer
Size: 58.33 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 879
View: 384

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Agroforestry (AF) is a dynamic, ecologically based, natural resources management system that, by integrating trees on farms, ranches, and in other landscapes, diversifies and increases production and promotes social, economic, and environmental benefits for land users. Further, it is receiving increasing attention as a sustainable land-management option worldwide because of its ecological, economic, and social attributes. Advances have been achieved by building on past research accomplishments and expanding AF’s stakeholder base, which now includes private/public partnerships, communities, ecologists, farmers, indigenous peoples, and policymakers in both temperate and tropical countries. AF has now been recognized as a valuable problem-solving approach to ensuring food security and rebuilding resilient rural environments. Recent studies have shown that more than 1 billion hectares of agricultural land have more than 10% tree cover. Of this area, 160 million hectares have more than 50% tree cover. Agricultural ecosystems can be further improved through AF to achieve environmental restoration, greater farm productivity, and key ecological services, including climate change mitigation and adaptation for improved rural livelihood. In fact, it is largely considered synonymous with climate smart agriculture and a remedy for many modern environmental challenges. Consequently, AF’s knowledge base is being expanded at a rapid rate, as illustrated by the increasing number and quality of scientific publications on various forms and different aspects of AF. This book offers state-of-the-art information on the fundamental concepts and history of AF and its evolution as a science, presenting a wealth of advanced research results and evaluations relating to different aspects of AF. Accordingly, it will be useful for a broad readership, including students, foresters, farmers, local communities, indigenous peoples, civil society institutions, media, policymakers and the general public.

Agroforestry For Sustainable Production PDF Download

Agroforestry for Sustainable Production PDF
Author: Roslyn Tamara Prinsley
Publisher:
Size: 32.14 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Agricultural conservation
Languages : en
Pages : 417
View: 5058

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This book represents the collection of papers presented at the Commonwealth Science Council's meeting in Swaziland in 1989. It is discussed how economic and financial analysis can be used to assess the net benefits of agroforestry enterprises for peasant households, institutions and society

Agroforestry For Soil Management PDF Download

Agroforestry for Soil Management PDF
Author: Anthony Young
Publisher: C A B International
Size: 22.71 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 320
View: 972

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Agroforestry refers to land use systems in which trees or shrubs are grown in association with agricultural crops, or pastures and livestock. From its inception, it has contained a strong element of soil management. Well-designed and managed agroforestry systems have the potential to control run-off and erosion, maintain soil organic matter and physical properties, and promote nutrient cycling. By these means, agroforestry can make a major contribution to sustainable land use. The previous edition of this book, entitled Agroforestry for Soil Conservation (1989), was based on indirect evidence from agriculture, forestry and soil science. The present work provides a new synthesis, drawing on over 700 published sources dating largely from the 1990s. These include both results of field trials of agronomy systems, and research into the plant-soil processes which take place within them. Soil conservation in its narrower sense, the control of erosion, is treated alongside other equally important aspects of soil management, such as nutrient cycling. The new edition summarizes the present state of knowledge and indicates needs for research. It is essential reading for all concerned with agroforestry, whether as students, research scientists, or for practical purposes of development. It is also of interest to soil scientists, agronomists and foresters. Anthony Young was for nine years a Principal Scientist with the International Centre for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF), Nairobi, Kenya. He was previously Professor of Environmental Sciences at the University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK, from which he received the degree of Doctor of Science. He was a joint author of the FAO standard texts on land evaluation and land use planning. Besides these, his other books include Soil Survey and Land Evaluation (1981) and Land Resources: Now and for the Future (1998). He is now Honorary Research Fellow in Environmental Sciences at the University of East Anglia.