An Anthology Regarding Merit Goods PDF Download

An Anthology Regarding Merit Goods PDF
Author: Wilfried Ver Eecke
Publisher: Purdue University Press
Size: 54.99 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 732
View: 2789

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Merit Goods are those goods and services that the government feels that people will under-consume and which therefore ought to be subsidized or provided free at the point of use. This is a collection of articles and papers that covers the issue of merit goods from a variety of perspectives.

Democracy Without Journalism PDF Download

Democracy Without Journalism  PDF
Author: Victor Pickard
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Size: 34.80 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 248
View: 1033

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As local media institutions collapse and news deserts sprout up across the country, the US is facing a profound journalism crisis. Meanwhile, continuous revelations about the role that major media outlets--from Facebook to Fox News--play in the spread of misinformation have exposed deep pathologies in American communication systems. Despite these threats to democracy, policy responses have been woefully inadequate. In Democracy Without Journalism? Victor Pickard argues that we're overlooking the core roots of the crisis. By uncovering degradations caused by run-amok commercialism, he brings into focus the historical antecedents, market failures, and policy inaction that led to the implosion of commercial journalism and the proliferation of misinformation through both social media and mainstream news. The problem isn't just the loss of journalism or irresponsibility of Facebook, but the very structure upon which our profit-driven media system is built. The rise of a "misinformation society" is symptomatic of historical and endemic weaknesses in the American media system tracing back to the early commercialization of the press in the 1800s. While professionalization was meant to resolve tensions between journalism's public service and profit imperatives, Pickard argues that it merely camouflaged deeper structural maladies. Journalism has always been in crisis. The market never supported the levels of journalism--especially local, international, policy, and investigative reporting--that a healthy democracy requires. Today these long-term defects have metastasized. In this book, Pickard presents a counter-narrative that shows how the modern journalism crisis stems from media's historical over-reliance on advertising revenue, the ascendance of media monopolies, and a lack of public oversight. He draws attention to the perils of monopoly control over digital infrastructures and the rise of platform monopolies, especially the "Facebook problem." He looks to experiments from the Progressive and New Deal Eras--as well as public media models around the world--to imagine a more reliable and democratic information system. The book envisions what a new kind of journalism might look like, emphasizing the need for a publicly owned and democratically governed media system. Amid growing scrutiny of unaccountable monopoly control over media institutions and concerns about the consequences to democracy, now is an opportune moment to address fundamental flaws in US news and information systems and push for alternatives. Ultimately, the goal is to reinvent journalism.

Ethical Reflections On The Financial Crisis 2007 2008 PDF Download

Ethical Reflections on the Financial Crisis 2007 2008 PDF
Author: Wilfried Ver Eecke
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Size: 43.99 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 102
View: 4577

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In this book the author reflects on the philosophical and ethical bases of the financial crisis 2007-08 and the subsequent recession. He finds in Adam Smith solid arguments for the new free market economy, capitalism, but also arguments for a role for the government in the case of public goods (roads) and of merit goods (education, control of banking). Where the provision of public goods requires that the government respect consumer sovereignty there the provision of merit goods legitimizes the violation of that principle. By making use of the history of economic thought (e.g., the neo-liberal tradition) the author demonstrates that Musgrave’s idea of merit goods can be expanded to eleven domains in which the government has an important function. He legitimizes that move by using the Kantian argument that we must accept the possibility conditions for what we want. The author demonstrates that Rajan, Reich and Reinhart & Rogoff make use of seven of his eleven categories of merit goods in order to explain the financial crisis 2007-08 and the subsequent recession. The author thereby provides a philosophical and ethical analysis of the government's failures at the basis of the financial crisis. ​

Encyclopedia Of Philosophy And The Social Sciences PDF Download

Encyclopedia of Philosophy and the Social Sciences PDF
Author: Byron Kaldis
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Size: 54.70 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 1200
View: 5991

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"This encyclopedia, magnificently edited by Byron Kaldis, will become a valuable source both of reference and inspiration for all those who are interested in the interrelation between philosophy and the many facets of the social sciences. A must read for every student of the humanities." Wulf Gaertner, University of Osnabrueck, Germany "Like all good works of reference this Encyclopedia of Philosophy and the Social Sciences is not to be treated passively: it provides clear and sometimes controversial material for constructive confrontation. It is a rich resource for critical engagement. The Encyclopedia conceived and edited by Byron Kaldis is a work of impressive scope and I am delighted to have it on my bookshelf.” David Bloor, Edinburgh University "This splendid and possibly unique work steers a skilful course between narrower conceptions of philosophy and the social sciences. It will be an invaluable resource for students and researchers in either or both fields, and to anyone working on the interrelations between them." William Outhwaite, Newcastle University The Encyclopedia of Philosophy and the Social Sciences is the first of its kind in bringing the subjects of philosophy and the social sciences together. It is not only about the philosophy of the social sciences but, going beyond that, it is also about the relationship between philosophy and the social sciences. The subject of the Encyclopedia is purposefully multi- and inter-disciplinary. Knowledge boundaries are both delineated and crossed over. The goal is to convey a clear sense of how philosophy looks at the social sciences and to mark out a detailed picture of how the two are interrelated: interwoven at certain times but also differentiated and contrasted at others. The Entries cover topics of central significance but also those that are both controversial and on the cutting-edge, underlining the unique mark of this Encyclopedia: the interrelationship between philosophy and the social sciences, especially as it is found in fresh ideas and unprecedented hybrid disciplinary areas. The Encyclopedia serves a further dual purpose: it contributes to the renewal of the philosophy of the social sciences and helps to promote novel modes of thinking about some of its classic problems.

Ethical Dimensions Of The Economy PDF Download

Ethical Dimensions of the Economy PDF
Author: Wilfried Ver Eecke
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Size: 63.90 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 304
View: 6589

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Overview This book is a philosophical reflection (using mainly Hegel, in addition to 1 Adam Smith, Kant, Marx and Catholic Social Thought) about the soc- political dimension of economics. In it I both agree and disagree with the slogan that “the least government is the best government. ” I agree with the slogan, in particular as it applies to the economic domain. Adam Smith taught us that rational and self-interested individuals, left by themselves, create a more efficient and reliable economic system than one in which the government has a heavy role as was the case in his time with the merc- tile system (Smith, 14, 651). Ludwig von Mises demonstrated the same idea for the communist command economy (Hayek 1935, 87–130). I d- agree with the above mentioned slogan if it is interpreted as suggesting that we can best forget about the role of the government for a good functioning economy. Instead, I will argue that the government has an important fu- tion in creating the proper regulations and the wise institutional arran- ments which will allow the economy to flourish in a more efficient, fair and humane way. This book is interdisciplinary in nature. It is a philosophical and ethical reflection on economics. Hence, I make use of philosophical ideas, often but not exclusively those of Hegel. I reflect philosophically on economic concepts.

An Anthology Of Philosophy In Persia PDF Download

An Anthology of Philosophy in Persia PDF
Author: Seyyed Hossein Nasr
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Size: 72.92 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 464
View: 6968

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This is the first volume in a projected five-volume work covering the full expanse of Persian thought from the Zoroastrianism of the pre-Christian era up to the present day. Introducing this extensive body of work for the first time in English translation, these volumes will be of great interest to scholars of philosophy, religion, and Middle Eastern studies. Volume I includes the work of the earliest Zoroastrian writers and that of thinkers from the early Islamic period. The translators include many outstanding scholars from America, Europe, and the Islamic world.

Freedom Of Contract And Paternalism PDF Download

Freedom of Contract and Paternalism PDF
Author: P. Cserne
Publisher: Springer
Size: 52.17 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 194
View: 1157

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A theoretical discussion and internal critique of mainstream law and economics scholarship, especially as it approaches the issue of paternalism. Cserne discusses how, and to what extent, economic analysis can explain and/or justify the limitations on freedom of contract, with special emphasis on paternalism.