The Structure Of Biological Science PDF Download

The Structure of Biological Science PDF
Author: Alexander Rosenberg
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Size: 20.51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 281
View: 6978

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Preface p. ix Chapter 1 Biology and Its Philosophy p. 2 1.1 The Rise of Logical Positivism p. 2 1.2 The Consequences for Philosophy p. 4 1.3 Problems of Falsifiability p. 6 1.4 Philosophy of Science Without Positivism p. 8 1.5 Speculation and Science p. 10 Introduction to the Literature p. 11 Chapter 2 Autonomy and Provincialism p. 13 2.1 Philosophical Agendas versus Biological Agendas p. 13 2.2 Motives for Provincialism and Autonomy p. 18 2.3 Biological Philosophies p. 21 2.4 Tertium Datur? p. 25 2.5 The Issues in Dispute p. 30 2.6 Steps in the Argument p. 34 Introduction to the Literature p. 35 Chapter 3 Teleology and the Roots of Autonomy p. 37 3.1 Functional Explanations in Molecular Biology p. 39 3.2 The Search for Functions p. 43 3.3 Functional Laws p. 47 3.4 Directively Organized Systems p. 52 3.5 The Autonomy of Teleological Laws p. 59 3.6 The Metaphysics and Epistemology of Functional Explanation p. 62 3.7 Functional Explanation Will Always Be with Us p. 65 Introduction to the Literature p. 67 Chapter 4 Reductionism and the Temptation of Provincialism p. 69 4.1 Motives for Reductionism p. 69 4.2 A Triumph of Reductionism p. 73 4.3 Reductionism and Recombinant DNA p. 84 4.4 Antireductionism and Molecular Genetics p. 88 4.5 Mendel's Genes and Benzer's Cistrons p. 93 4.6 Reduction Obstructed p. 97 4.7 Qualifying Reductionism p. 106 4.8 The Supervenience of Mendelian Genetics p. 11 4.9 Levels of Organization p. 117 Introduction to the Literature p. 119 Chapter 5 The Structure of Evolutionary Theory p. 121 5.1 Is There an Evolutionary Theory? p. 122 5.2 The Charge of Tautology p. 126 5.3 Population Genetics and Evolution p. 130 5.4 Williams's Axiomatization of Evolutionary Theory p. 136 5.5 Adequacy of the Axiomatization p. 144 Introduction to the Literature p. 152 Chapter 6 Fitness p. 154 6.1 Fitness Is Measured by Its Effects p. 154 6.2 Fitness As a Statistical Propensity p. 160 6.3 The Supervenience of Fitness p. 164 6.4 The Evidence for Evolution p. 169 6.5 The Scientific Context of Evolutionary Theory p. 174 Introduction to the Literature p. 179 Chapter 7 Species p. 180 7.1 Operationalism and Theory in Taxonomy p. 182 7.2 Essentialism--For and Against p. 187 7.3 The Biological Species Notion p. 191 7.4 Evolutionary and Ecological Species p. 197 7.5 Species Are Not Natural Kinds p. 201 7.6 Species As Individuals p. 204 7.7 The Theoretical Hierarchy of Biology p. 212 7.8 The Statistical Character of Evolutionary Theory p. 216 7.9 Universal Theories and Case Studies p. 219 Introduction to the Literature p. 225 Chapter 8 New Problems of Functionalism p. 226 8.1 Functionalism in Molecular Biology p. 228 8.2 The Panglossian Paradigm p. 235 8.3 Aptations, Exaptations, and Adaptations p. 243 8.4 Information and Action Among the Macromolecules p. 246 8.5 Metaphors and Molecules p. 255 Bibliography p. 266 Index p. 273.

Psychoanalysis As Biological Science PDF Download

Psychoanalysis as Biological Science PDF
Author: John E. Gedo
Publisher: JHU Press
Size: 53.54 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 189
View: 1183

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In this study, the author asserts that biological information is essential to successful and comprehensive psychoanalysis. The first is devoted to the controversies surrounding psychoanalysis as a discipline. Beginning with an overview of Freud's enduring contributions to the field, Gedo discusses the importance of both mental contents and reliable, measurable psychobiological data -- suggesting that hermeneutics alone cannot yield valid hypotheses. Part 2 addresses each of the major topics of a comprehensive theory of mind, focusing on the accessibility of biological information. This information, he believes, makes an educated exploration of principal questions about behavioral regulation a viable enterprise. The final section integrates these theories into a comprehensive biological hypothesis about behavior and psychoanalytic treatment.

Advances In Biological Science Research PDF Download

Advances in Biological Science Research PDF
Author: Surya Nandan Meena
Publisher: Academic Press
Size: 71.15 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 580
View: 5536

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Advances in Biological Science Research: A Practical Approach provides discussions on diverse research topics and methods in the biological sciences in a single platform. This book provides the latest technologies, advanced methods, and untapped research areas involved in diverse fields of biological science research such as bioinformatics, proteomics, microbiology, medicinal chemistry, and marine science. Each chapter is written by renowned researchers in their respective fields of biosciences and includes future advancements in life science research. Discusses various research topics and methods in the biological sciences in a single platform Comprises the latest updates in advanced research techniques, protocols, and methods in biological sciences Incorporates the fundamentals, advanced instruments, and applications of life science experiments Offers troubleshooting for many common problems faced while performing research experiments

Storytime Discoveries Biological Science PDF Download

Storytime Discoveries  Biological Science PDF
Author: Dotti Enderle
Publisher: Lorenz Educational Press
Size: 61.23 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Creative activities and seat work
Languages : en
Pages : 64
View: 777

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Stories with related experiments demonstrate science concepts. The companion script includes directions for incorporating each experiment into the story.

Biological Science And Biotechnology In Russia PDF Download

Biological Science and Biotechnology in Russia PDF
Author: Russian Academy of Sciences
Publisher: National Academies Press
Size: 11.36 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 156
View: 6327

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In July 2005, the National Academies released the report Biological Science and Biotechnology in Russia: Controlling Diseases and Enhancing Security. The report offered a number of recommendations that could help restore Russia’s ability to join with the United States and the broader international community in leading an expanded global effort to control infectious diseases. A proposed bilateral intergovernmental commission could play a pivotal role toward that end as cooperation moves from assistance to partnership. The report proposed the establishment of two model State Sanitary Epidemiological Surveillance Centers in Russia, more focused support of competitively selected Russian research groups as centers of excellence, the promotion of investments in biotechnology niches that are well suited for Russian companies, and expanded opportunities for young scientists to achieve scientific leadership positions in Russia. Also, the report highlighted the importance of U.S. programs that support the integration of former Soviet defense scientists with civilian researchers who had not been involved in military-related activities.

Storytime Discoveries Biological Science Ebook PDF Download

Storytime Discoveries  Biological Science  eBook  PDF
Author: Dotti Enderle
Publisher: Lorenz Educational Press
Size: 54.32 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 64
View: 4977

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As students become engrossed in this collection, they’ll become equally absorbed in the accompanying earth science lessons. Children will enjoy these fun stories.

The Unique U S Russian Relationship In Biological Science And Biotechnology PDF Download

The Unique U S  Russian Relationship in Biological Science and Biotechnology PDF
Author: Russian Academy of Sciences
Publisher: National Academies Press
Size: 60.19 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 3833

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In the fall of 2010, the U.S. National Academies (consisting of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine) and the Russian Academy of Sciences (in cooperation with the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences and the Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences) initiated a joint study of U.S.-Russian bilateral engagement in the biological sciences and biotechnology (hereinafter collectively referred to as bioengagement). The U.S. Department of State and the Russian Academy of Sciences provided support for the study. The academies established a joint committee of 12 leading scientists from the two countries to assess bioengagement activities since 1996 and to provide recommendations as to collaborative efforts in the near future. The Unique U.S.-Russian Relationship in Biological Science and Biotechnology: Recent Experience and Future Directions summarizes the principal conclusions and recommendations of the study.