Brigham Young And The Expansion Of The Mormon Faith PDF Download

Brigham Young and the Expansion of the Mormon Faith PDF
Author: Thomas G. Alexander
Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press
Size: 75.53 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 416
View: 5127

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As president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and Utah’s first territorial governor, Brigham Young (1801–77) shaped a religion, a migration, and the American West. He led the Saints to Utah, guided the establishment of 350 settlements, and inspired the Mormons as they weathered unimaginable trials and hardships. Although he generally succeeded, some decisions, especially those regarding the Mormon Reformation and the Black Hawk War, were less than sound. In this new biography, historian Thomas G. Alexander draws on a lifetime of research to provide an evenhanded view of Young and his leadership. Following the murder in 1844 of church founder Joseph Smith, Young bore a heavy responsibility: ensuring the survival and expansion of the church and its people. Alexander focuses on Young’s leadership, his financial dealings, his relations with non-Mormons, his families, and his own deep religious conviction. Brigham Young and the Expansion of the Mormon Faith addresses such controversial issues as the practice of polygamy (Young himself had fifty-five wives), relations and conflicts between Mormons and Indians, and the circumstances and aftermath of the horrific events of Mountain Meadows in 1857. Although Young might have done better, Alexander argues that he bore no direct responsibility for the tragedy. Young relied on the counsel of his associates, and at times, the Mormon people pushed back to prevent him from implementing changes. In some cases, such as polygamy and the doctrine of blood atonement, the church leadership eventually rejected his views. Yet on the whole, Brigham Young emerges as a multifaceted human figure, and as a prophet revered by millions of LDS members, an inspired leader who successfully led his people to a distant land where their community expanded and flourished.

To Fill Skies W Pilots Pb PDF Download

Publisher: Smithsonian
Size: 53.62 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Transportation
Languages : en
Pages : 197
View: 5462

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Launched in 1939, the Civilian Pilot Training Program (CPTP) was one of the largest government-sponsored vocational education programs of its time. In To Fill the Skies with Pilots, Dominick A. Pisano explores the successes and failures of the program, from its conception as a hybrid civilian-military mandate in peacetime, through the war years, and into the immediate postwar period. As originally conceived, the CPTP would serve both war-preparedness goals and New Deal economic ends. Using the facilities of colleges, universities, and commercial flying schools, the CPTP was designed to provide a pool of civilian pilots for military service in the event of war. The program also sought to give an economic boost to the light-plane industry and the network of small airports and support services associated with civilian aviation. As Pisano demonstrates, the CPTP's multiple objectives ultimately contributed to its demise. Although the program did train tens of thousands of pilots who later flew during the war (mostly in noncombat missions), military leaders faulted the project for not being more in line with specific recruitment and training needs. After attempting to adjust to these needs, the CPTP then faced a difficult and ultimately unsuccessful transition back to civilian purposes in the postwar era. By charting the history of the CPTP, Pisano sheds new light on the politics of aviation during these pivotal years as well as on civil-military relations and New Deal policy making.

A Most Singular Country PDF Download

A Most Singular Country PDF
Author: Arthur R. Gómez
Publisher: Signature Books
Size: 49.52 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 241
View: 818

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On the border of Mexico, southeast of El Paso where the Rio Grande makes a wide, graceful turn to the north and then south again, the peaks and canyons of Big Bend National Park are anomalies in the middle of the Chihuahuan desert. As impressive as the springs and surrounding fauna and flora are, the human presence in this strategically important oasis is equally noteworthy. Competition in the Big Bend has more than once attained international significance. Apaches, Comanches, Seminoles, and Kickapoos; Spanish adventurers; mountain men and miners; presidio troops; buffalo soldiers; vaqueros and farmers; revolutionaries; and bandits guided by a shoot-first-ask-questions-later ethic have all left their mark here. In the sixteenth century 10,000 Native Americans farmed watermelons, cantaloupes, and tobacco in the fertile flood-plain. In the eighteenth century 4,000 Spanish settlers claimed the region to raise apples, peaches, and figs. Yankees replaced the Spanish when silver was discovered, replaced by Mexican cattle ranchers, who later made way for American cotton growers. In the early twentieth century, it was the landscape itself, especially the hot springs, that became the Big Bend's greatest asset, resulting in the creation of a state park in 1933 and a national park two years later.