Climate Change Environment And Civilization In The Middle East PDF Download

Climate Change   Environment and Civilization in the Middle East PDF
Author: Arie S. Issar
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Size: 10.76 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 252
View: 673

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This survey of ancient levels of lakes, rivers and sea, and changes in stalagmites and sediments shows an astonishing correlation between climate change and rise and fall of civilizations in the Middle East. Warm periods were characterized by aridization, economic crisis and mass migration. Cold periods brought abundant rain, prosperity and settlement. The authors conclude that climate change was the decisive factor in the origins of the "cradle of civilization".

Psychology After The Crisis PDF Download

Psychology After the Crisis PDF
Author: Ian Parker
Publisher: Routledge
Size: 56.63 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 126
View: 2285

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Ian Parker has been a leading light in the fields of critical and discursive psychology for over 25 years. The Psychology After Critique series brings together for the first time his most important papers. Each volume in the series has been prepared by Ian Parker, features a newly written introduction and presents a focused overview of a key topic area. Psychology After the Crisis is the first volume in the series and addresses three important questions: What was the crisis in psychology and why does it continue now? How did debates regarding the traditional ‘laboratory experiment’ paradigm in psychology set the scene for discourse analysis? Why are these paradigm debates now crucial for understanding contemporary critical psychology? The first two chapters of the book describe the way critical psychology emerged in Britain during the 1970s, and introduce four key theoretical resources: Marxism, Feminism, Post-Structuralism and Psychoanalysis. The chapters which follow consider in depth the critical role of Marxist thinking as an analytic framework within psychology. Subsequent chapters explore the application and limitations of critical psychology for crucial topics such as psychotherapy, counselling and climate change. A final chapter presents an interview which reviews the main strands within critical psychology, and provides an accessible introduction to the series as a whole. Psychology After the Crisis is essential reading for students and researchers in psychology, sociology, social anthropology and cultural studies, and for discourse analysts of different traditions. It will also introduce key ideas and debates in critical psychology for undergraduates and postgraduate students across the social sciences.

Climate Change And The Course Of Global History PDF Download

Climate Change and the Course of Global History PDF
Author: John L. Brooke
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Size: 71.79 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 631
View: 3290

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Climate Change and the Course of Global History presents the first global study by a historian to fully integrate the earth-system approach of the new climate science with the material history of humanity. Part I argues that geological, environmental, and climatic history explain the pattern and pace of biological and human evolution. Part II explores the environmental circumstances of the rise of agriculture and the state in the Early and Mid-Holocene, and presents an analysis of human health from the Paleolithic through the rise of the state, including the Neolithic Demographic Transition. Part III introduces the problem of economic growth and examines the human condition in the Late Holocene from the Bronze Age through the Black Death, assessing the relationships among human technologies, climatic change, and epidemic disease. Part IV explores the move to modernity, stressing the emerging role of human economic and energy systems as earth-system agents in the Anthropocene. Supported by climatic, demographic, and economic data with forty-nine figures and tables custom-made for this book, A Rough Journey provides a pathbreaking model for historians of the environment, the world, and science, among many others.

The Earth System PDF Download

The Earth System PDF
Author: Lee R. Kump
Publisher: Prentice Hall
Size: 53.53 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 419
View: 5467

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"The Earth System, Second Edition" employs a systems-based approach to examine Earth science at the global level. This text explores how: Earth's processes have connections to the past and to each other Seemingly small-scale changes to Earth can have large-scale effects Processes that are occurring now are molding the course of the future The second edition incorporates two new chapters: Modeling the Atmosphere-Ocean System--A discussion of why numerical models are necessary, how they are used, what they can tell us about past and future climates, and what their limitations are. A Focus on the Biota: Ecosystems and Biodiversity--Focuses on life's role in the Earth system, how ecosystems function, what biodiversity is, and whether or not biological diversity enhances the stability of ecosystems. Three categories of boxed text are included and offer a deeper study of the topics presented. A Closer Look--Includes more advanced concepts, results from current research, and explanations of interesting phenomena. Important Concepts--In-depth presentations of fundamental concepts from the natural sciences essential to our understanding of the Earth system. Thinking Quantitatively--Demonstrates how simple mathematics can be used to better understand the workings of the Earth system.

The Political Economy Of Democracy And Tyranny PDF Download

The Political Economy of Democracy and Tyranny PDF
Author: Norman Schofield
Publisher: De Gruyter Oldenbourg
Size: 68.74 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Authoritarianism
Languages : en
Pages : 338
View: 2072

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1;Contents;6 2;Foreword;10 3;Chapter 1 Modelling Political Economy;14 3.1;1.1 The Madisonian Scheme of Government;14 3.2;1.2 An Institutional Narrative;19 3.3;1.3 Preferences and Judgements;28 3.4;1.4 The Stochastic Model of Elections;33 3.5;1.5 Concluding Remarks;38 3.6;1.6 Appendix: The Constitution of the United States;40 4;Chapter 2 Dred Scott and the Election of Lincoln;50 4.1;2.1 Background to the Dred Scott Decision;56 4.2;2.2 The Compact over Slavery;59 4.3;2.3 The Dred Scott Case;63 4.4;2.4 Core Beliefs, Cascades and the Civil War;76 5;Chapter 3 Politics in the United States;82 5.1;3.1 Elections and Realignments;82 5.2;3.2 The Contest between Competing Interests;98 5.3;3.3 An Outline of the Formal Electoral Model with Activists;102 5.4;3.4 Concluding Remarks;107 5.5;3.5 Appendix;108 5.5.1;3.5.1 A Formal Model of Leader Support;108 5.5.2;3.5.2 Model of the 1992 Election;116 6;Chapter 4 Modelling Parliaments;120 6.1;4.1 Legislative Bargaining in Israel;120 6.2;4.2 Elections in Turkey 1999-2007;126 6.2.1;4.2.1 The 1999 Election in Turkey;130 6.2.2;4.2.2 The 2002 Election in Turkey;131 6.3;4.3 The 2004 and 2006 Elections in Canada;132 6.3.1;4.3.1 Computation of the convergence coefcient;135 6.4;4.4 Elections in the United Kingdom;136 6.5;4.5 Elections in the Netherlands 1977, 1981 and 2006;139 6.6;4.6 Concluding remarks;143 6.7;4.7 Empirical Appendix;145 7;Chapter 5 The Global Political Economy;148 7.1;5.1 Introduction;148 7.2;5.2 The Political Business Cycle;161 7.3;5.3 Macro-Political Economy;163 7.4;5.4 Micro-Political Economy;167 8;Chapter 6 Modelling Tyranny;172 8.1;6.1 Political Economy Theory;178 8.2;6.2 Case Studies;184 8.2.1;6.2.1 Argentine Junta (1976-1983);184 8.2.2;6.2.2 Francoist Spain (1938-1975);187 8.2.3;6.2.3 The Soviet System (1924-1991);194 8.3;6.3 The Durability of Regimes;200 8.4;6.4 Concluding Remarks;203 9;Chapter 7 Authoritarian Regimes;206 9.1;7.1 Dictatorships in the Soviet Union, China and North Korea;206 9.1.1;7.1.1 The Political Economy of the Soviet Dictatorship;207 9.1.2;7.1.2 China's Economic Liberalization;217 9.1.3;7.1.3 The North Korean Regime of Kim Il Sung;218 9.1.4;7.1.4 Concluding Remarks;222 9.2;7.2 Spain and Cuba in Comparative Perspective;223 9.3;7.3 Chavez, Bolívar and the Neoliberal Dilemma;234 9.4;7.4 Iranian Autocracy;243 10;Chapter 8 Modelling Elections ;250 10.1;8.1 Ideology and Putin's Approval in Russian Elections;250 10.1.1;8.1.1 Introduction;250 10.1.2;8.1.2 The Data;251 10.1.3;8.1.3 The Multinomial Logit Model;253 10.1.4;8.1.4 Empirical Results;254 10.1.5;8.1.5 Discussion;257 10.1.6;8.1.6 Appendix to Section 8.1.;259 10.2;8.2 Voting Power and the Electoral College of the United States;264 10.2.1;8.2.1 Individual Vote and State Vote;265 10.2.2;8.2.2 The Electoral College and Voter Power;266 10.2.3;8.2.3 Representing electoral competition;272 10.2.4;8.2.4 Strategy in the Context of the Electoral College;274 10.2.5;8.2.5 Concluding Remarks;275 11;Chapter 9 Topics in Political Economy;278 11.1;9.1 Why People Vote;278 11.2;9.2 Liberty versus Security;288 12;Chapter 10 Social Choice and Political Economy;300 12.1;10.1 The Arrovian Research Program;306 12.2;10.2 The Condorcetian Research Program;313 12.3;10.3 Cultural and Linguistic Evolution;315 13;References and Further Read-ing;320

A Global History Of Modern Historiography PDF Download

A Global History of Modern Historiography PDF
Author: Georg G Iggers
Publisher: Routledge
Size: 75.30 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 448
View: 4212

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So far histories of historiography have concentrated almost exclusively on the West. This is the first book to offer a history of modern historiography from a global perspective. Tracing the transformation of historical writings over the past two and half centuries, the book portrays the transformation of historical writings under the effect of professionalization, which served as a model not only for Western but also for much of non-Western historical studies. At the same time it critically examines the reactions in post-modern and post-colonial thought to established conceptions of scientific historiography. A main theme of the book is how historians in the non-Western world not only adopted or adapted Western ideas, but also explored different approaches rooted in their own cultures.

Continuity And Change In World Politics PDF Download

Continuity and Change in World Politics PDF
Author: Barry B. Hughes
Publisher:
Size: 58.44 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 499
View: 4962

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For International Politics, International Relations, World Politics, and Global Issues courses at the undergraduate level. An indispensable "toolkit" for organizing and processing information, this practical text provides students with a mental framework for understanding the historic, contemporary, and future developments of world politics. Using general perspectives and enduring worldviews as a foundation for discussions on more specific theories and concepts, it builds on the premise that a meaningful understanding of world politics consists of four principal elements 1) knowledge of the current world 2) familiarity with its history 3) analysis and interpretation 4) insight into dynamics. It provides a unique and balanced treatment of the competing perspectives on historical and contemporary global issues; consistently and systematically addresses the change and continuity that so strongly characterize the field today; and includes a substantial amount of information on global trends, economics, environmental issues, and possible directions of global development.

Climate Change And Philosophy PDF Download

Climate Change and Philosophy PDF
Author: Ruth Irwin
Publisher: A&C Black
Size: 59.11 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 243
View: 6837

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A hugely important collection of essays examining the significance of philosophical inquiry in relation to the issue of climate change.