Control Theories Of Crime And Delinquency PDF Download

Control Theories of Crime and Delinquency PDF
Author: Chester L. Britt
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
Size: 30.40 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 281
View: 4868

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For the past twenty to thirty years, control theories of crime have been at the center of theoretical development in criminology. Key to the control theory perspective is the notion that crime is an inherently individual act, and its explanation requires that we focus on the characteristics of individuals who commit crimes. Consequently, control theory focuses on such issues as self-control and social control. The contributions to this volume explicate and extend the application of control theory. It is divided into three general areas. Part 1 focuses on key assumptions and components of control theories. Contributors discuss the notion of learning, or socialization, in the context of control theory and the effects that families, peers, and the criminal justice system have on self-control, social ties, and criminal behavior. Part 2 applies control theory to areas typically assumed to be out of the domain of self-control theory and social control theory, such as gender differences in crime, domestic violence, and group crime. Considering control theory's emphasis on explaining individual criminal acts, these chapters suggest an interesting area of development by highlighting the possibility that differences in crime across or within groups may begin with individual characteristics and then making inferences about groups and group processes. Part 3 approaches the explanation of crime cross-nationally and at the macro-level. Although the authors take different approaches, they all illustrate that a theory of crime does not require culture-specific elements in order to be a valid cross-cultural explanation. Contributors to this volume include: Robert Agnew, Todd Armstrong, Leana Allen Bouffard, Augustine Brannigan, Chester Britt, Barbara Costello, Maja Dekovic, Matt DeLisi, Michael Gottfredson, Henriette Haas, Kelly H. Hardwick, Travis Hirschi, Marianne Junger, Martin Killias, Helen Mederer, Kevin Thompson, and Alexander Vazsonyi.

Developmental Theories Of Crime And Delinquency PDF Download

Developmental Theories Of Crime And Delinquency PDF
Author: Terence P. Thornberry
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
Size: 79.58 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 359
View: 3811

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In Developmental Theories of Crime and Delinquency, Terence P. Thornberry and his contributors show that criminal behavior is not a static human attribute, but ebbs and flows over the life course of the individual. Criminal behavior tends to follow a distinct psychological pattern. It is relatively uncommon during childhood, is initiated by most offenders during adolescence, flourishes during late adolescence and early childhood, and usually diminishes or disappears by the mid-twenties. This pattern is not characteristic of all people--some never commit crimes and others become career criminals--but it is a general description of the developmental pattern of criminal offenders. This pattern has profound implications for theories of crime and delinquency. Not only does it explain initiation into, maintenance of, and desistance from involvement in crime, it offers insight into why crime flourishes during adolescence. Traditional theories of crime and delinquency have often failed to distinguish among different phases of criminal careers. They tend to ignore developmental changes that occur across a person's life course, changes that coincide with and can explain the causes and patterns of criminal behavior. This paperback edition of the seventh volume of the distinguished series Advances in Criminological Theory moves us from static identifications of the criminal by presenting a broad range of developmental explanations of crime. Each contributor articulates a developmental or life course perspective in explaining how people become involved in delinquency and crime. Each covers a wide range of theoretical territory and reveals how a developmental perspective enhances the explanatory power of traditional theories of crime and delinquency. This volume is an invaluable tool for criminologists, sociologists, psychologists, and other professionals seeking to teach how crime and violence can be understood in our culture.

Social Dynamics Of Crime And Control PDF Download

Social Dynamics of Crime and Control PDF
Author: Kai-D. Bussmann
Publisher: Hart Publishing
Size: 48.48 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 271
View: 5092

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This book assembles essays by leading scholars in their fields of criminology and socio-legal studies. John Braithwaite, John Hagan, Jack Katz, Nicola Lacey, Michael Levi, Joan McCord, Dario Melossi, Steven Messner and Richard Rosenfeld explore new directions in contemporary theorising about the impact of social and cultural dynamics on crime and social control. These essays have in common that they transcend disciplinary boundaries by combining criminological and socio-legal perspectives; in so doing they bring fresh perspectives to the analysis of crime in market societies and in the global market place. The authors do not share the apocalyptic and dramatic predictions of rising crime rates, but are aware of the "double movement" of social change and the counteracting forces that emerge in its course. These essays promote an integrative perspective that bridges the gap between etiological criminology and a constructionist approach as well as between explanatory and normative theory.

Social Learning Theory And The Explanation Of Crime PDF Download

Social Learning Theory and the Explanation of Crime PDF
Author: Ronald L. Akers
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
Size: 54.50 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 379
View: 7753

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Social learning theory has been called the dominant theory of crime and delinquency in the United States, yet it is often misrepresented. This latest volume in the distinguished Advances in Criminological Theory series explores the impact of this theory. Some equate it with differential association theory. Others depict it as little more than a micro-level appendage to cultural deviance theories. There have been earlier attempts to clarify the theory's unique features in comparison to other theories, and others have applied it to broader issues. These efforts are extended in this volume, which focuses on developing, applying, and testing the theory on a variety of criminal and delinquent behavior. It applies the theory to treatment and prevention, moving social learning into a global context for the twenty-first century. This comprehensive volume includes the latest work, tests, and theoretical advances in social learning theory and will be particularly helpful to criminologists, sociologists, and psychologists. It may also be of interest to those concerned with current issues relating to delinquency, drug use/abuse, and drinking/alcohol abuse.

Delinquency And Crime PDF Download

Delinquency and Crime PDF
Author: J. David Hawkins
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Size: 49.75 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 330
View: 1379

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Why is crime persistent over generations, within families and within certain individuals? Is crime the manifestation of an inherited latent trait or the result of a failure of socialization and norm-setting processes? Why do youths commit crimes? Delinquency and Crime contains essays by nine leading criminologists that seek to answer these and other questions by describing current theories of crime and the research evidence that supports them. The authors' views on crime causation go beyond traditional criminological theories of strain, cultural deviance, social control, differential association and social learning to present emerging and integrated models of the origins of crime, including antisocial peer socialization, social development, interactional theory, behavior genetics, and community determinants. Each essay explores the practical implication of the authors' theoretical work for crime prevention and control.

A Primer On Crime And Delinquency Theory PDF Download

A Primer on Crime and Delinquency Theory PDF
Author: Robert M. Bohm
Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company
Size: 53.59 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 165
View: 957

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This slim volume offers a comprehensive survey of the major criminological and delinquency theories including their philosophical foundations and policy implications. The text can be used as either a primary text or as a supplement for other texts, anthologies, or collections of journal articles.

Causes Of Delinquency PDF Download

Causes of Delinquency PDF
Author: Travis Hirschi
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
Size: 15.61 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 309
View: 849

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In Causes of Delinquency, Hirschi attempts to state and test a theory of delinquency, seeing in the delinquent a person relatively free of the intimate attachments, the aspirations, and the moral beliefs that bind most people to a life within the law. In prominent alternative theories, the delinquent appears either as a frustrated striver forced into delinquency by his acceptance of the goals common to us all, or as an innocent foreigner attempting to obey the rules of a society that is not in position to make the law or define conduct as good or evil. Hirschi analyzes a large body of data on delinquency collected in Western Contra Costa County, California, contrasting throughout the assumptions of the strain, control, and cultural deviance theories. He outlines the assumptions of these theories and discusses the logical and empirical difficulties attributed to each of them. Then draws from sources an outline of social control theory, the theory that informs the subsequent analysis and which is advocated here. Often listed as a "Citation Classic," Causes of Delinquency retains its force and cogency with age. It is an important volume and a necessary addition to the libraries of sociologists, criminologists, scholars and students in the area of delinquency.

Theories Of Delinquency PDF Download

Theories of Delinquency PDF
Author: Donald J. Shoemaker
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Size: 16.81 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Criminal behavior
Languages : en
Pages : 284
View: 5645

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Theories of Delinquency provides a comprehensive survey of major theoretical approaches to the understanding of delinquent behavior. It includes discussions and evaluations of all major individualistic and sociological theories, presenting each theory in a standard format with basic assumptions, important concepts, and evaluations of the research connected with the theories. The third edition contains updated discussions of these theories. In addition, there is a new chapter on classical theory, and an expanded discussion of female delinquency that includes power-control theory and feminist perspectives, and an expanded examination of theoretical integration. Clearly written and consistently organized, Theories of Delinquency is important reading for students of crime and delinquency.

Understanding Deviance PDF Download

Understanding Deviance PDF
Author: David Downes
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Size: 62.44 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 424
View: 4488

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In Understanding Deviance, Seventh Edition, leading experts David Downes, Paul Rock, and Eugene McLaughlin examine the major sociological theories behind crime and deviance, covering their development, recent research, and varying perspectives on their explanations of criminality. The authors discuss key debates in depth, challenging students to question assumptions and explore new avenues of scholarship. An extensive bibliography provides references to a wide range of both classic and lesser-known texts.

An Introduction To Crime And Crime Causation PDF Download

An Introduction to Crime and Crime Causation PDF
Author: Robert C. Winters
Publisher: CRC Press
Size: 42.43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 323
View: 1392

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An Introduction to Crime and Crime Causation is a student-friendly textbook that defines and explains the concepts of crime, criminal law, and criminology. Ideal for a one-semester course, the book compares and contrasts early criminal behavior and today‘s modern forms of crime. It also explores society‘s responses to criminal behavior in the past