Did Growth Become Less Pro Poor In The 1990s

Did Growth Become Less Pro poor in the 1990s  PDF
Author: J. Humberto Lopez
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 43.65 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Crecimiento economico
Languages : un
Pages : 12

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Did Growth Become Less Pro Poor In The 1990s

by J. Humberto Lopez, Did Growth Become Less Pro Poor In The 1990s Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Did Growth Become Less Pro Poor In The 1990s books, "The author analyzes the stability of the empirical relationship between growth and changes in inequality over time. He concludes that while during the 1970s and 1980s the growth process was not accompanied by increases in inequality, during the 1990s a positive and significant correlation appears in the data. For this decade, he estimates that a 1 percent growth rate would be associated with an increase in the gini coefficient of between .3 to .5 percent. This positive correlation is hidden when one estimates the model without allowing for changes in the relationship over the different decades. The finding is robust to a number of departures from the basic specification including: (1) the use of alternative specifications to isolate decadal shifts; (2) the use of robust estimation techniques that address the potential influence of outliers; (3) restricting the sample to a balanced panel for the 1980s and 1990s to control for changes in the composition of the sample related to the unbalanced nature of the panel; and (4) considering the possibility of fixed effects in the data. The author also explores the impact of this structural change in the rate of poverty reduction and concludes that it is far from negligible. "--World Bank web site.



Human Development Report 2007 2008

Human Development Report 2007 2008 PDF
Author: United Nations Development Programme
Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan
ISBN:
Size: 49.31 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 384

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Human Development Report 2007 2008

by United Nations Development Programme, Human Development Report 2007 2008 Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Human Development Report 2007 2008 books, This year's Human Development Report explains why we have less than a decade to change course and start living within our global carbon budget, and how climate change will create long-run low human development traps, pushing vulnerable people into a downward spiral of deprivation.



Welfare Measurement Bias In Household And On Site Surveying Of Water Based Recreation

Welfare Measurement Bias in Household and On site Surveying of Water based Recreation PDF
Author: Craig Meisner
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 26.85 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Consumption (Economics)
Languages : en
Pages : 22

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Welfare Measurement Bias In Household And On Site Surveying Of Water Based Recreation

by Craig Meisner, Welfare Measurement Bias In Household And On Site Surveying Of Water Based Recreation Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Welfare Measurement Bias In Household And On Site Surveying Of Water Based Recreation books, "Studies comparing household surveys with on-site interceptor surveys have typically accounted for over-sampling avid users in the on-site interceptor surveys (that is, endogenous stratification). However, these studies have typically not accounted for the possibility that the household sample may contain a large presence of zero observations. If a large proportion of the population does not recreate at the site for any value of the price vector, this inflation of zero observations leads to biased welfare estimates and an inadequate comparison with the on-site survey. In this paper, the authors estimate and compare three models which correct for these measurement issues in both the household and on-site surveys. Results from an application to recreation at Lake Sevan (Armenia) indicate that household consumers' surplus is not statistically different from that of the on-site survey once the authors account for zero-inflation in the household sample and endogenous stratification in the on-site sample. "--World Bank web site.



Inequality Poverty And Development In India

Inequality  Poverty and Development in India PDF
Author: Utpal Kumar De
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811062749
Size: 64.50 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 518

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Inequality Poverty And Development In India

by Utpal Kumar De, Inequality Poverty And Development In India Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Inequality Poverty And Development In India books, This book reviews the fulfillment of two Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), namely poverty and inequality, in the Indian subcontinent. It examines the complex interplay among development, inequality and poverty in relation to corruption, environmental resource management, agricultural adjustment to climate change and institutional arrangements, with a special focus on the Northeastern region of the country. The topics covered offer a blend of theoretical arguments and empirical data with regard to the three main themes of the book, while also providing agricultural and environmental perspectives. The book also provides guidelines for policy initiatives for harnessing the region’s potential in the areas of industry, trade, sustainable use of mineral, forest and other natural resources, nature-based tourism through proper infrastructure development, and resolving land issues to achieve inclusive development.In addition to introducing some new questions on the development-ethnic conflict interface, it uses sophisticated tools such as the Blinder–Oaxaca decomposition method in consumption expenditure to show the endowment, and return to endowment effects; and techniques like spatial correlation-regression to analyze regional variation, co-integration, vector autoregression, the panel data technique and the adaptation index to climate change, to understand socio-economic complexities and the effect of the concerned variables on entrepreneurship and human development.The book offers a timely contribution to our understanding of major MDGs and highlights their successes and failures. It also includes analytical frameworks that are key to future policy initiatives. Further, it disseminates approaches and methods that improve livelihoods and standards of living through poverty reduction and promoting inclusive development along with sustainable utilization of available natural resources. Putting forward various ideas for creating a more sustainable future, it inspires and encourages readers to pursue further studies to address the gaps that still remain.



Annual Review Of Development Effectiveness 2006

Annual Review of Development Effectiveness 2006 PDF
Author: Monika Huppi
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821369075
Size: 55.12 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Banks and Banking Reform
Languages : en
Pages : 120

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Annual Review Of Development Effectiveness 2006

by Monika Huppi, Annual Review Of Development Effectiveness 2006 Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Annual Review Of Development Effectiveness 2006 books, The "results agenda" adopted by the World Bank and other donors aims to ensure that development assistance yields sustainable poverty reduction. Effective poverty reduction results from three main factors: sustained and inclusive growth, effective service delivery to the poor, and capable public sector institutions that are accountable to stakeholders for the results they achieve. The Annual Review of Development Effectiveness 2006 assembles evaluative evidence around three questions central to poverty reduction: - How effectively has economic growth translated into poverty reduction in Bank-assisted countries and what factors have affected these results? - What factors have led to high-quality results in areas that deliver services to the poor? - What measures help raise the accountability of public institutions responsible for delivering and sustaining these results? The report identifies three key areas where the World Bank can further strengthen its effectiveness in helping countries reduce poverty. - Economic growth has improved in many Bank client countries but a stronger focus on the nature of growth is needed to ensure that such growth leads to jobs for the poor and productivity increases in poorer regions and sectors where the poor earn their incomes. - Consistent use of a clearly articulated results chain helps ensure that Bank country assistance programs and individual projects set realistic objectives, that key cross-sectoral constraints to achieving them are adequately considered and that due attention is given to building capacity. - A realistic assessment of the political economy of governance-related reforms is needed to tailor efforts to increase the accountability ofpublic sector institutions to local conditions.



Inequality And Poverty Re Examined

Inequality and Poverty Re Examined PDF
Author: John Micklewright
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199218110
Size: 57.45 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 306

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Inequality And Poverty Re Examined

by John Micklewright, Inequality And Poverty Re Examined Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Inequality And Poverty Re Examined books, The issues surrounding poverty and inequality continue to be of central concern to academics, politicians and policymakers but the way in which we seek to analyse them continues to change. This volume provides a guide to some of the new approaches that have been developed, while also making a real contribution to the ongoing public debate.



Flat World Big Gaps

Flat World  Big Gaps PDF
Author: Jomo K.S.
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 80.30 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 416

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Flat World Big Gaps

by Jomo K.S., Flat World Big Gaps Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Flat World Big Gaps books, Development economics is experiencing a 'post-Washington Consensus' resurgence, led by the academics collected here, who can now provide rigorous analyses of how liberalisation really affects inequality, poverty, and economic development based on over two decades of empirical data.



World Bank Research Program

World Bank Research Program PDF
Author: World Bank
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 25.58 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Economic assistance
Languages : en
Pages :

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World Bank Research Program

by World Bank, World Bank Research Program Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download World Bank Research Program books,



Progressive Foreign Policy

Progressive Foreign Policy PDF
Author: David Held
Publisher: Polity
ISBN:
Size: 39.96 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 258

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Progressive Foreign Policy

by David Held, Progressive Foreign Policy Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Progressive Foreign Policy books, In May 1997, the then UK Foreign Secretary, Robin Cook, famously said that foreign policy should have ‘an ethical dimension’, and that the Labour Government would ‘put human rights at the heart of foreign policy’. Although not described in these terms, these assertions were an attempt to articulate a ‘progressive’ conception of foreign policy for the UK. But how does the foreign policy record of the Labour Government stand when set against these declared principles? What role have ethics really played in Labour’s foreign policy? Why has Labour been so interventionist, from Kosovo to Iraq? What does this record tell us about the limits and the possibilities of progressive foreign policy? What does it tell us about the strengths and failures of Labour’s foreign policy? This timely book, published in association with the Institute for Public Policy Research and the Centre for Global Governance at the LSE, addresses these questions and provides an appraisal of Labour’s record in power. However, the book also looks forward. It provides a novel assessment of the international trends that will shape the global context of UK foreign policy. The contributors set out new perspectives and policy options in respect of international security, democracy, justice, human rights, and sustainability. In addition, the book offers fresh thinking on the UK’s relationship with key countries and regions, from the US to Europe, from the Middle East to China. Moreover, it suggests a radical new approach to global governance and to the way in which the UK makes and implements foreign policy. At a time of real flux in UK domestic politics and of rapid change in international politics, this book is an indispensable guide to the UK’s foreign policy options and to the prospects and possibilities of a more values-driven and effective UK foreign policy.