Factors Conditioning The Autonomy Of Patients In Decision Making Processes In Clinical Settings PDF Download

Factors Conditioning the Autonomy of Patients in Decision Making Processes in Clinical Settings PDF
Author: Jesús Molina-Mula
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Size: 53.16 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 147
View: 2549

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This book explores the factors that determine and influence the quality of care in clinical setting from the perspective of understanding the decision-making capacity of patients. It looks at the nurse’s relationship with the patient, including the implications of this relationship in nursing practice; the relationship of the nurse with the family; interprofessional relationships within the health team and their influence on the clinical practice of nurses; and the nurse's relationship with the health system and its influence on patient-family care. The volume will guide managers of health organizations to establish programs and policies that reduce the negative effects of current management on health teams. These changes will improve the quality of care, and increase the autonomy of patients in decision-making.

Social And Economic Factors In Decision Making Under Uncertainty PDF Download

Social and Economic Factors in Decision Making under Uncertainty PDF
Author: Kinga Posadzy
Publisher: Linköping University Electronic Press
Size: 34.58 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 16
View: 2903

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The objective of this thesis is to improve the understanding of human behavior that goes beyond monetary rewards. In particular, it investigates social influences in individual’s decision making in situations that involve coordination, competition, and deciding for others. Further, it compares how monetary and social outcomes are perceived. The common theme of all studies is uncertainty. The first four essays study individual decisions that have uncertain consequences, be it due to the actions of others or chance. The last essay, in turn, uses the advances in research on decision making under uncertainty to predict behavior in riskless choices. The first essay, Fairness Versus Efficiency: How Procedural Fairness Concerns Affect Coordination, investigates whether preferences for fair rules undermine the efficiency of coordination mechanisms that put some individuals at a disadvantage. The results from a laboratory experiment show that the existence of coordination mechanisms, such as action recommendations, increases efficiency, even if one party is strongly disadvantaged by the mechanism. Further, it is demonstrated that while individuals’ behavior does not depend on the fairness of the coordination mechanism, their beliefs about people’s behavior do. The second essay, Dishonesty and Competition. Evidence from a stiff competition environment, explores whether and how the possibility to behave dishonestly affects the willingness to compete and who the winner is in a competition between similarly skilled individuals. We do not find differences in competition entry between competitions in which dishonesty is possible and in which it is not. However, we find that due to the heterogeneity in propensity to behave dishonestly, around 20% of winners are not the best-performing individuals. This implies that the efficient allocation of resources cannot be ensured in a stiff competition in which behavior is unmonitored. The third essay, Tracing Risky Decision Making for Oneself and Others: The Role of Intuition and Deliberation, explores how individuals make choices under risk for themselves and on behalf of other people. The findings demonstrate that while there are no differences in preferences for taking risks when deciding for oneself and for others, individuals have greater decision error when choosing for other individuals. The differences in the decision error can be partly attributed to the differences in information processing; individuals employ more deliberative cognitive processing when deciding for themselves than when deciding for others. Conducting more information processing when deciding for others is related to the reduction in decision error. The fourth essay, The Effect of Decision Fatigue on Surgeons’ Clinical Decision Making, investigates how mental depletion, caused by a long session of decision making, affects surgeon’s decision to operate. Exploiting a natural experiment, we find that surgeons are less likely to schedule an operation for patients who have appointment late during the work shift than for patients who have appointment at the beginning of the work shift. Understanding how the quality of medical decisions depends on when the patient is seen is important for achieving both efficiency and fairness in health care, where long shifts are popular. The fifth essay, Preferences for Outcome Editing in Monetary and Social Contexts, compares whether individuals use the same rules for mental representation of monetary outcomes (e.g., purchases, expenses) as for social outcomes (e.g., having nice time with friends). Outcome editing is an operation in mental accounting that determines whether individuals prefer to first combine multiple outcomes before their evaluation (integration) or evaluate each outcome separately (segregation). I find that the majority of individuals express different preferences for outcome editing in the monetary context than in the social context. Further, while the results on the editing of monetary outcomes are consistent with theoretical predictions, no existing model can explain the editing of social outcomes.

Nursing Knowledge And Practice E Book PDF Download

Nursing Knowledge and Practice E Book PDF
Author: Maggie Mallik
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Size: 80.15 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 504
View: 2141

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Nursing knowledge and practice is a comprehensive textbook which forms an ideal basis for foundation nursing students. The core emphasis in the organisation and presentation of knowledge in this third edition remains focused on the in-depth knowledge required by nurses to deliver care in the practice setting. The chapter contents encompass knowledge that applies to all branches of nursing e.g. Communication, Confusion, Aggression and Rehabilitation Safety and Risk, Infection Control, Medicines etc. The structure of all chapters is unique in integrating knowledge from subject areas often taught separately in the nursing curriculum. This enables the foundation student to integrate this range of knowledge in making decisions about the delivery of nursing care to patients/clients in all fields of nursing. Exercises are included to encourage reflection on practice and develop critical thinking skills. It also promotes the expansion of professional knowledge through the development of portfolio evidence. Building on the outstanding success of previous editions the authors have drawn extensively on current best evidence, including research, policy and substantial internet based resources, reflecting UK and international perspectives. • Each chapter begins with an overview of the content and concludes with a summary to help evaluate learning • Case studies reflect the diverse range of client needs and care settings of the four nursing branches and help relate theory to practice • Reflective exercises and suggestions for portfolio evidence, along with decision-making activities, promote reflection on personal experience and links to nursing practice using a problem-based approach • Current research is highlighted throughout, demonstrating the evidence-base for practice decisions. • Key web sites, annotated further reading and references encourage readers to pursue contemporary evidence that underpins competency-based practice. Full colour throughout Content fully updated in line with developments in clinical practice, teaching requirements and the evidence-base Free electronic ancillaries on Evolve enhance the knowledge provided in each chapter with additional information, exercises and resources An introductory chapter on ‘Nursing Knowledge and Practice’ explores the role and context of nursing, nationally and internationally, providing foundation information on core knowledge areas common to all nursing curricula.

Clinical Decision Making In Complementary And Alternative Medicine PDF Download

Clinical Decision Making in Complementary and Alternative Medicine PDF
Author: Matthew Leach
Publisher: Elsevier Australia
Size: 52.52 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 299
View: 750

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Clinical Decision Making in Complementary and amp; Alternative Medicine differs from other medical texts by introducing a systematic clinical framework for the practice of complementary and alternative medicine. While comparable titles may explore the use or efficacy of specific complementary and alternative medicine interventions, this indispensible textbook highlights evidence-based interventions, while helping practitioners apply them within a clinical decision making framework. Clinical Decision Making in Complementary and amp; Alternative Medicine is a one-of-a-kind health reference for clinicians, stu

Issues In Orthopedics And Occupational And Sports Medicine 2011 Edition PDF Download

Issues in Orthopedics and Occupational and Sports Medicine  2011 Edition PDF
Author:
Publisher: ScholarlyEditions
Size: 59.69 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 3196
View: 4434

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Issues in Orthopedics and Occupational and Sports Medicine: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Orthopedics and Occupational and Sports Medicine. The editors have built Issues in Orthopedics and Occupational and Sports Medicine: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Orthopedics and Occupational and Sports Medicine in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Orthopedics and Occupational and Sports Medicine: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Therapy In The Real World PDF Download

Therapy in the Real World PDF
Author: Nancy Boyd-Franklin
Publisher: Guilford Press
Size: 35.33 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 384
View: 3012

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Helping beginning and experienced therapists cope with the myriad challenges of working in agencies, clinics, hospitals, and private practice, this book distills the leading theories and best practices in the field. The authors provide a clear approach to engaging diverse clients and building rapport; interweaving evidence-based techniques to meet therapeutic goals; and intervening effectively with individuals, families, groups, and larger systems. Practitioners will find tools for addressing the needs of their clients while caring for themselves and avoiding burnout; students will find a clear-headed framework for making use of the variety of approaches available in mental health practice.

Year Book Of Pediatrics 2012 E Book PDF Download

Year Book of Pediatrics 2012   E Book PDF
Author: James A. Stockman III
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Size: 62.24 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 576
View: 2672

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The Year Book of Pediatrics brings you abstracts of the articles that reported the year's breakthrough developments in pediatrics, carefully selected from more than 500 journals worldwide. Expert commentaries evaluate the clinical importance of each article and discuss its application to your practice. There's no faster or easier way to stay informed! This annual covers all aspects of pediatric care from infectious diseases and immunology, adolescent medicine, therapeutics and toxicology, child development, dentistry and otolaryngology and neurology and psychiatry. The Year Book of Pediatrics publishes annually in December of the preceding year.

Geriatric Psychiatry An Issue Of Psychiatric Clinics E Book PDF Download

Geriatric Psychiatry  An Issue of Psychiatric Clinics   E Book PDF
Author: George S. Alexopoulos
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Size: 55.25 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 6622

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This issue covers a broad selection of topics critical to psychiatrist and any physician who treats older patients. Topics include: Epidemiology, clinical evaluation, and treatment of dementing disorders, late-life psychosis; suicide in late life; depression in primary care; structural neuroimaging of geriatric depression; gene-environment interactions in geriatric depression; treatment of geriatric depression; etiological Theories of Late-Life depression; geriatric bipolar disorder; psychotherapies in geriatric depression; home-based care of the elderly with mental disorders; functional neuroimaging in geriatric depression; models of treatment engagement of geriatric persons with mental disorders; and mental health service delivery to the elderly.

Textbook Of Critical Care E Book PDF Download

Textbook of Critical Care E Book PDF
Author: Jean-Louis Vincent
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Size: 78.84 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 1744
View: 993

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Textbook of Critical Care, by Drs. Jean-Louis Vincent, Edward Abraham, Frederick A. Moore, Patrick Kochanek, and Mitchell P. Fink, remains your best source on effective management of critically ill patients. This trusted reference - acclaimed for its success in bridging the gap between medical and surgical critical care - now features an even stronger focus on patient outcomes, equipping you with the proven, evidence-based guidance you need to successfully overcome a full range of practice challenges. Inside, you’ll find totally updated coverage of vital topics, such as coagulation and apoptosis in certain critical care illnesses, such as acute lung injury and adult respiratory distress syndrome; sepsis and other serious infectious diseases; specific organ dysfunction and failure; and many other vital topics. At www.expertconsult.com you can access the complete contents of the book online, rapidly searchable, with regular updates plus new videos that demonstrate how to perform key critical care procedures. The result is an even more indispensable reference for every ICU. Access the complete contents of the book online at www.expertconsult.com, rapidly searchable, and stay current for years to come with regular online updates. Practice with confidence by consulting with a "who’s who" of global experts on every facet of critical care medicine. Implement today’s most promising, evidence-based care strategies with an enhanced focus on patient outcomes. Effectively apply the latest techniques and approaches with totally updated coverage of the importance of coagulation and apoptosis in certain critical care illnesses, such as acute lung injury and adult respiratory distress syndrome; sepsis and other serious infectious diseases; specific organ dysfunction and failure; and many other vital topics. See how to perform key critical care procedures by watching a wealth of new videos online. Focus on the practical guidance you need with the aid of a new, more templated format in which basic science content has been integrated within clinical chapters, and all procedural content has been streamlined for online presentation and paired with videos.