German Idealism And The Jew PDF Download

German Idealism and the Jew PDF
Author: Michael Mack
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Size: 10.92 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 237
View: 5147

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In German Idealism and the Jew, Michael Mack uncovers the deep roots of anti-Semitism in the German philosophical tradition. While many have read German anti-Semitism as a reaction against Enlightenment philosophy, Mack instead contends that the redefinition of the Jews as irrational, oriental Others forms the very cornerstone of German idealism, including Kant's conception of universal reason. Offering the first analytical account of the connection between anti-Semitism and philosophy, Mack begins his exploration by showing how the fundamental thinkers in the German idealist tradition—Kant, Hegel, and, through them, Feuerbach and Wagner—argued that the human world should perform and enact the promises held out by a conception of an otherworldly heaven. But their respective philosophies all ran aground on the belief that the worldly proved incapable of transforming itself into this otherworldly ideal. To reconcile this incommensurability, Mack argues, philosophers created a construction of Jews as symbolic of the "worldliness" that hindered the development of a body politic and that served as a foil to Kantian autonomy and rationality. In the second part, Mack examines how Moses Mendelssohn, Heinrich Heine, Franz Rosenzweig, and Freud, among others, grappled with being both German and Jewish. Each thinker accepted the philosophies of Kant and Hegel, in varying degrees, while simultaneously critiquing anti-Semitism in order to develop the modern Jewish notion of what it meant to be enlightened—a concept that differed substantially from that of Kant, Hegel, Feuerbach, and Wagner. By speaking the unspoken in German philosophy, this book profoundly reshapes our understanding of it.

Philosophical Political Profiles PDF Download

Philosophical political Profiles PDF
Author: Jürgen Habermas
Publisher: MIT Press
Size: 59.83 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 213
View: 6936

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Based on the new German edition of Philosophisch-politische Profile which has attracted serious and widespread attention, this book includes thirteen pieces written by Habermas between 1958 and 1978 - the most important of those in the German edition, plus additional articles.In these essays, Habermas offers a clear and strikingly personal examination of major modern German philosophers and cultural critics, focusing particularly on the content of their thought in relation to their respective political and biographical contexts. Contents Does Philosophy Still Have a Purpose? - The German Influence (Heidegger) - The Figures of Truth (Jaspers) - Karl Löwith's Stoic Retreat from Historical Consciousness - A Marxist Schelling (Bloch) - A Primal History of Subjectivity and Self-Affirmation Gone Wild (Adorno) - Imitated Substantiality (Gehlen) - Consciousness-raising or Rescuing Critique-On the Relevance of Walter Benjamin - Herbert Marcuse on Art and Revolution - Hannah Arendt's Concept of Power - The Hidden Torah (Gershom Scholem) - Urbanizing the Heideggerian Province-In Praise of Hans-Georg Gadamer Philosophical-Political Profiles is included in the series, Studies in Contemporary German Social Thought.

Sacrifice And Community PDF Download

Sacrifice and Community PDF
Author: Matthew Levering
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Size: 73.56 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 272
View: 1434

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This book explores the character of the Eucharist as communion inand through sacrifice. It will stimulate discussion because of itscontroversial critique of the dominant paradigm for Eucharistictheology, its reclamation of St Thomas Aquinas’s theology ofthe Eucharist, and its response to Pope John Paul II’sEcclesia de Eucharistia. Argues that the Eucharist cannot be separated from sacrifice,and rediscovers the biblical connections between sacrifice andcommunion. Timed to coincide with the Year of the Eucharist, proclaimed byPope John Paul II. Reclaims the riches of St Thomas Aquinas’s theology ofthe Eucharist, which had recently been reduced to a metaphysicaldefence of transubstantiation.

Reclaiming The Enlightenment PDF Download

Reclaiming the Enlightenment PDF
Author: Stephen Eric Bronner
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Size: 17.77 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 224
View: 811

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This book tackles an obvious yet profound problem of modern political life: the disorientation of intellectuals and activists on the left. As the study of political history and theory has been usurped by cultural criticism, a confusion over the origins

The Saving Lie PDF Download

The Saving Lie PDF
Author: Agata Bielik-Robson
Publisher: Northwestern University Press
Size: 36.36 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 403
View: 1874

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Hailed as our era's most profound theorist of literary influence, Harold Bloom's own influence on the landscape of literary criticism has been decisive. His wide-ranging critical writings have plumbed the depths of Romanticism, explored the anxiety caused by the influence of one generation of poets on another, wrestled with the idea of a literary canon, and examined the relationship between religion and literature. In this unprecedented full-length study on Harold Bloom, Agata Bielik-Robson explores the many facets of Bloom's critical writings and career. In his work, she argues, Bloom draws on a variety of disparate traditions-Judaism, Gnosis, romanticism, American pragmatism, and Freudianism, but also, especially recently, Victorian Aestheticism-that constitute a dialectical, difficult whole in constant quarrel with itself. The Saving Lie brings all these aspects of Bloom's thought together, revealing the organizing thread of "antithetical vitalism" that animates his work. Tracing the development of Bloom's vision of "life-in-antithesis" through a series of highly original and compelling readings, Bielik-Robson offers a much-needed reevaluation of a deeply complex and controversial figure. This pioneering study of Bloom and his contributions will not soon be surpassed.

Early Orientalism PDF Download

Early Orientalism PDF
Author: Ivan Kalmar
Publisher: Routledge
Size: 57.81 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 192
View: 336

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The history of western notions about Islam is of obvious scholarly as well as popular interest today. This book investigates Christian images of the Muslim Middle East, focusing on the period from the Renaissance to the Enlightenment, when the nature of divine as well as human power was under particularly intense debate in the West. Ivan Kalmar explores how the controversial notion of submission to ultimate authority has in the western world been discussed with reference to Islam’s alleged recommendation to obey, unquestioningly, a merciless Allah in heaven and a despotic government on earth. He discusses how Abrahamic faiths – Christianity and Judaism as much as Islam – demand devotion to a sublime power, with the faith that this power loves and cares for us, a concept that brings with it the fear that, on the contrary, this power only toys with us for its own enjoyment. For such a power, Kalmar borrows Slavoj Zizek’s term "obscene father". He discusses how this describes exactly the western image of the Oriental despot - Allah in heaven, and the various sultans, emirs and ayatollahs on earth – and how these despotic personalities of imagined Muslim society function as a projection, from the West on to the Muslim Orient, of an existential anxiety about sublime power. Making accessible academic debates on the history of Christian perceptions of Islam and on Islam and the West, this book is an important addition to the existing literature in the areas of Islamic studies, religious history and philosophy.

Romanticism Judaica PDF Download

Romanticism Judaica PDF
Author: Dr Sheila A Spector
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Size: 66.61 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 242
View: 6008

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The twelve essays in Romanticism/Judaica explore the four major cultural strands that have converged from the French Revolution to the present. The first section, Nationalism and Diasporeanism, contains essays on the diasporean mentality of the Romantics, Byron's attitude towards nationalism, and Polish immigrant Hyman Hurwitz's attempt to gain acceptance among the British by having Coleridge translate his Hebrew elegy for Princess Charlotte. Essays of the second section, Religion and Anti-Semitism, deal with the complexities of Jewish/Christian relations in the Romantic Period. Specifically, they discuss philosopher Solomon Maimon's lack of response to Kant's anti-Semitism, novelist Maria Polack's use of Christian subject matter to combat anti-Semitism, and short-story writer Grace Aguilar's incorporation of the British Bible-centered Evangelical culture, along with various strands of British Romanticism. In the third section, Individualism and Assimilationism, essays consider different ways the Jews were assimilated into the dominant culture, specifically through the theater, sports and and post-Enlightenment philosophy. Finally, the volume concludes with Criticism and Reflection: a revaluation of earlier scholarship on Anglo-Jewish literature; the establishment of Harold Fisch's covenantal hermeneutics as a model for reading Keats; and an analysis of Lionel Trilling, M. H. Abrams, Harold Bloom and Geoffrey Hartman in terms of their Jewish origins, suggesting the further implications for Romanticism as a field.

Revolution Idealism And Human Freedom Schelling H Lderlin And Hegel And The Crisis Of Early German Idealism PDF Download

Revolution  Idealism and Human Freedom  Schelling H  lderlin and Hegel and the Crisis of Early German Idealism PDF
Author: Franz Gabriel Nauen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Size: 29.50 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 106
View: 906

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In this study I will present the intellectual development of Schelling, Holderlin and Hegel during their formative years. Because of their similar social origins, the early thought of these young Swabians, during the 1790's, should be treated as a unit. Their experience as roommates at the Stift in Tiibingen and their close intellectual fellowship throughout the nineties made each extremely responsive to the others ideas. As mem bers of the political elite in Wiirttemberg, their intellectual assumptions were profoundly affected by the crisis of Wiirttemberg and German political society and by the events of the French Revolution in a way ex plicable only in the light of their Swabian heritage. So, for example, seen in the context of HOlderlin's and Schelling's thinking, the genesis of Hegel's earliest mature philosophical assumptions appears to be not so much an event in the history of philosophy as a specific solution to the problems raised by the crisis of his society. The crucial role of Holderlin in the history of German Idealism should also become apparent as a result of this study. For reasons developed in the following, Holderlin's thinking bridged the gap not only between Kantianism and the new philosophy, which was to come to fruition in Hegel's mature thought, but also between the republican and the natio nalist phase in the history of German political thought.

Antisemitism PDF Download

Antisemitism PDF
Author: Albert S. Lindemann
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Size: 35.78 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 304
View: 686

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Antisemitism: A History offers a readable overview of a daunting topic, describing and analyzing the hatred that Jews have faced from ancient times to the present. The essays contained in this volume provide an ideal introduction to the history and nature of antisemitism, stressing readability, balance, and thematic coherence, while trying to gain some distance from the polemics and apologetics that so often cloud the subject. Chapters have been written by leading scholars in the field and take into account the most important new developments in their areas of expertise. Collectively, the chapters cover the whole history of antisemitism, from the ancient Mediterranean and the pre-Christian era, through the Medieval and Early Modern periods, to the Enlightenment and beyond. The later chapters focus on the history of antisemitism by region, looking at France, the English-speaking world, Russia and the Soviet Union, Eastern Europe, and Nazi Germany, with contributions too on the phenomenon in the Arab world, both before and after the foundation of Israel. Contributors grapple with the use and abuse of the term 'antisemitism', which was first coined in the mid-nineteenth century but which has since gathered a range of obscure connotations and confusingly different definitions, often applied retrospectively to historically distant periods and vastly dissimilar phenomena. Of course, as this book shows, hostility to Jews dates to biblical periods, but the nature of that hostility and the many purposes to which it has been put have varied over time and often been mixed with admiration - a situation which continues in the twenty-first century.

Spinoza Beyond Philosophy PDF Download

Spinoza Beyond Philosophy PDF
Author: Beth Lord
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
Size: 33.11 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 224
View: 576

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This book of 10 engaging and original essays brings Spinoza outside the realm of academic philosophy, and presents him as a thinker who is relevant to contemporary problems and questions across a variety of disciplines.

Prague In Danger PDF Download

Prague in Danger PDF
Author: Peter Demetz
Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
Size: 75.62 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 4052

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A dramatic account of life in Czechoslovakia's great capital during the Nazi Protectorate With this successor book to Prague in Black and Gold, his account of more than a thousand years of Central European history, the great scholar Peter Demetz focuses on just six short years—a tormented, tragic, and unforgettable time. He was living in Prague then—a "first-degree half-Jew," according to the Nazis' terrible categories—and here he joins his objective chronicle of the city under German occupation with his personal memories of that period: from the bitter morning of March 15, 1939, when Hitler arrived from Berlin to set his seal on the Nazi takeover of the Czechoslovak government, until the liberation of Bohemia in April 1945, after long seasons of unimaginable suffering and pain. Demetz expertly interweaves a superb account of the German authorities' diplomatic, financial, and military machinations with a brilliant description of Prague's evolving resistance and underground opposition. Along with his private experiences, he offers the heretofore untold history of an effervescent, unstoppable Prague whose urbane heart went on beating despite the deportations, murders, cruelties, and violence: a Prague that kept its German- and Czech-language theaters open, its fabled film studios functioning, its young people in school and at work, and its newspapers on press. This complex, continually surprising book is filled with rare human detail and warmth, the gripping story of a great city meeting the dual challenge of occupation and of war.

How Literature Changes The Way We Think PDF Download

How Literature Changes the Way We Think PDF
Author: Michael Mack
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
Size: 73.32 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 208
View: 554

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The capacity of the arts and the humanities, and of literature in particular, to have a meaningful societal impact has been increasingly undervalued in recent history. Both humanists and scientists have tended to think of the arts as a means to represent the world via imagination. Mack maintains that the arts do not merely describe our world but that they also have the unique and underappreciated power to make us aware of how we can change accustomed forms of perception and action. Mack explores the works of prominent writers and thinkers, including Nietzsche, Foucault, Benjamin, Wilde, Roth, and Zizek, among others, to illustrate how literature interacts with both people and political as well as scientific issues of the real world. By virtue of its distance from the real world-its virtuality-the aesthetic has the capability to help us explore different and so far unthinkable forms of action and thereby to resist the repetition and perpetuation of harmful practices such as stereotyping, stigma, exclusion, and the exertion of violence.