Reasons Without Rationalism

Reasons Without Rationalism PDF
Author: Kieran Setiya
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691146522
Size: 37.16 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : un
Pages : 144

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Reasons Without Rationalism

by Kieran Setiya, Reasons Without Rationalism Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Reasons Without Rationalism books, Modern philosophy has been vexed by the question "Why should I be moral?" and by doubts about the rational authority of moral virtue. In Reasons without Rationalism, Kieran Setiya shows that these doubts rest on a mistake. The "should" of practical reason cannot be understood apart from the virtues of character, including such moral virtues as justice and benevolence, and the considerations to which the virtues make one sensitive thereby count as reasons to act. Proposing a new framework for debates about practical reason, Setiya argues that the only alternative to this "virtue theory" is a form of ethical rationalism in which reasons derive from the nature of intentional action. Despite its recent popularity, however, ethical rationalism is false. It wrongly assumes that we act "under the guise of the good," or it relies on dubious views about intention and motivation. It follows from the failure of rationalism that the virtue theory is true: we cannot be fully good without the perfection of practical reason, or have that perfection without being good. Addressing such topics as the psychology of virtue and the explanation of action, Reasons without Rationalism is essential reading for philosophers interested in ethics, rationality, or the philosophy of mind.



Practical Knowledge

Practical Knowledge PDF
Author: Kieran Setiya
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190462922
Size: 12.31 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : un
Pages : 320

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Practical Knowledge

by Kieran Setiya, Practical Knowledge Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Practical Knowledge books, In the last forty years, action theory has revitalized moral philosophy. Philosophers have explored the nature of agency, what is involved in acting for a reason, how we know what we are doing, the role of intention, desire, and belief in motivating action, and more. At their most ambitious, philosophers have claimed that action theory is the foundation of ethics. For rationalists or constitutivists, the standards of practical reason derive from the nature of agency as a functional or teleological kind. They are no more mysterious than the standards for being a good clock or a good heart, given the function of clocks and hearts. In this collection of new and previously published essays, Kieran Setiya defends a causal theory of intentional action on which it is explained by knowledge in intention, a form of practical knowledge that transcends prior evidence. Such knowledge rests on knowing how to do the things we do. The theory is otherwise minimalist: agents need not regard their reasons as good, put means to ends, or adopt particular aims. It follows that we must reject the rationalist or constitutivist approach: the nature of agency is too thin to support the standards of practical reason. But the upshot is not nihilism. Instead, the requirement of means-end coherence is explained by the cognitive aspect of intention; and the standards of practical reason are those of ethical virtue, applied to practical thought.



Midlife

Midlife PDF
Author: Kieran Setiya
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400888476
Size: 44.34 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : un
Pages : 200

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Midlife

by Kieran Setiya, Midlife Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Midlife books, Philosophical wisdom and practical advice for overcoming the problems of middle age How can you reconcile yourself with the lives you will never lead, with possibilities foreclosed, and with nostalgia for lost youth? How can you accept the failings of the past, the sense of futility in the tasks that consume the present, and the prospect of death that blights the future? In this self-help book with a difference, Kieran Setiya confronts the inevitable challenges of adulthood and middle age, showing how philosophy can help you thrive. You will learn why missing out might be a good thing, how options are overrated, and when you should be glad you made a mistake. You will be introduced to philosophical consolations for mortality. And you will learn what it would mean to live in the present, how it could solve your midlife crisis, and why meditation helps. Ranging from Aristotle, Schopenhauer, and John Stuart Mill to Virginia Woolf and Simone de Beauvoir, as well as drawing on Setiya’s own experience, Midlife combines imaginative ideas, surprising insights, and practical advice. Writing with wisdom and wit, Setiya makes a wry but passionate case for philosophy as a guide to life.



Knowing Right From Wrong

Knowing Right From Wrong PDF
Author: Kieran Setiya
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191631590
Size: 11.61 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : un
Pages : 192

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Knowing Right From Wrong

by Kieran Setiya, Knowing Right From Wrong Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Knowing Right From Wrong books, Can we have objective knowledge of right and wrong, of how we should live and what there is reason to do? The thought that we can is beset by sceptical problems. In the face of radical disagreement, can we be sure that we are not deceived? If the facts are independent of what we think, is our reliability a mere coincidence? Can it be anything but luck when our beliefs are true? In Knowing Right From Wrong, Kieran Setiya confronts these questions in their most compelling and articulate forms: the argument from ethical disagreement; the argument from reliability and coincidence; and the argument from accidental truth. In order to resist the inference from disagreement to scepticism, he argues, we must reject epistemologies of intuition, coherence, and reflective equilibrium. The problem of disagreement can be solved only if the basic standards of epistemology in ethics are biased towards the truth. In order to solve the problem of coincidence, we must embrace arguments for reliability in ethics that rely on ethical beliefs. Such arguments do not beg the question in an epistemically damaging way. And in order to make sense of ethical knowledge as non-accidental truth, we must give up the independence of ethical fact and belief. We can do so without implausible predictions of convergence or relativity if the facts are bound to us through the natural history of human life. If there is objective ethical knowledge, human nature is its source.



Kant Studien

Kant Studien PDF
Author: Hans Vaihinger
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 65.98 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Electronic journals
Languages : de
Pages :

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Kant Studien

by Hans Vaihinger, Kant Studien Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Kant Studien books, 1904-26 (includes lists of members)



Midlife Crisis

Midlife Crisis PDF
Author: Kieran Setiya
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 345876237X
Size: 35.49 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : un
Pages : 211

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Midlife Crisis

by Kieran Setiya, Midlife Crisis Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Midlife Crisis books, Fast jeder kennt dieses Gefühl in der Mitte des Lebens, diese »verwirrende Mischung aus Nostalgie, Bedauern, Klaustrophobie, Leere und Angst.« Die quälende Frage, selbst auf dem Höhepunkt einer Karriere: Habe ich das Beste versäumt? Der Begriff der Midlife-Crisis entstand um die Mitte der 60er Jahre des letzten Jahrhunderts. Was zunächst als eine Erfindung amerikanischer Psychoanalytiker galt, hat sich als eine existentielle Herausforderung erwiesen, mit der man rechnen muss. In diesem autobiographischen Sachbuch geht der am MIT in Massachusetts lehrende Moralphilosoph Kieran Setiya dem Phänomen der Midlife-Crisis auf den Grund. Mit Philosophen wie Aristoteles, Epikur und Schopenhauer und Autoren wie Virginia Woolf und Richard Ford analysiert er die Symptome und den Umgang mit der Midlife Crisis. Er gibt praktische Tipps, wie der Sinnsuche in der Mitte des Lebens zu begegnen ist. Eine unangestrengt und witzig geschriebene Gebrauchsanweisung, ein Wissensbuch ebenso wie eine Lebenslehre für alle, ob mit oder ohne Midlife Crisis.



Reasons Without Persons

Reasons Without Persons PDF
Author: Brian Hedden
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198732597
Size: 48.17 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Identity (Philosophical concept)
Languages : un
Pages : 210

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Reasons Without Persons

by Brian Hedden, Reasons Without Persons Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Reasons Without Persons books, Brian Hedden defends a radical view about the relationship between rationality, personal identity, and time. On the standard view, personal identity over time plays a central role in thinking about rationality, because there are rational norms for how a person's attitudes and actions at one time should fit with her attitudes and actions at other times. But these norms are problematic. They make what you rationally ought to believe or do depend on facts about yourpast that aren't part of your current perspective on the world, and they make rationality depend on controversial, murky metaphysical facts about what binds different instantaneous snapshots (or'time-slices') into a single person extended in time. Hedden takes a different approach, treating the relationship between different time-slices of the same person as no different from the relationship between different people. On his account, the locus of rationality is the time-slice rather than the temporally extended agent. This impersonal, time-slice-centric approach to rationality yields a unified approach to the rationality of beliefs, preferences, and actions where what rationalitydemands of you is solely determined by your evidence, with no special weight given to your past beliefs or actions.



Why Not Modern Unbelief

Why Not Modern Unbelief  PDF
Author: Frank Ballard
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 27.99 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Apologetics
Languages : en
Pages : 319

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Why Not Modern Unbelief

by Frank Ballard, Why Not Modern Unbelief Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Why Not Modern Unbelief books,



En La Mitad De La Vida

En la mitad de la vida PDF
Author: Kieran Setiya
Publisher: Libros del Asteroide
ISBN: 8417007830
Size: 25.79 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Self-Help
Languages : un
Pages : 216

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En La Mitad De La Vida

by Kieran Setiya, En La Mitad De La Vida Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download En La Mitad De La Vida books, Más tarde o más temprano surgen en nuestra vida una serie de interrogantes a los que no es fácil dar respuesta. ¿Cómo reconciliarnos con las vidas que no hemos podido vivir, con los caminos que no tomamos, con la nostalgia del pasado? ¿Cómo aceptar nuestros fracasos, la futilidad de las tareas que consumen nuestro presente o la propia mortalidad? La mayor parte de la gente empieza a plantearse estas cuestiones cuando más o menos ha llegado a la mitad de su vida, cuando la juventud está todavía cerca pero puede otear ya la muerte al final del trayecto. En este brillante libro, a medio camino entre el ensayo filosófico y el libro de autoayuda, Kieran Setiya (profesor de filosofía en el MIT) afronta los retos de la vida adulta y la madurez y nos propone un paseo (de Aristóteles a Schopenhauer, de Virginia Woolf a Simone de Beauvoir) por distintas obras filosóficas y literarias que nos ayudan a entender qué es la crisis de la mediana edad y cómo podemos hacerle frente. Un libro que, en realidad, como dice su autor, «no es solo para quienes se encuentran en la mediana edad, sino para cualquiera que esté lidiando con la irreversibilidad del tiempo». «El libro de Setiya nos recuerda que la mejor filosofía puede ser sabia y cercana a la vez.»Anil Gomes (Times Literary Supplement) «Una exploración maravillosamente rica e iluminadora sobre la agitada mediana edad.»PD Smith (The Guardian) «Setiya indaga sobre las razones por las que vivimos, sobre las cosas de las que tendría sentido arrepentirnos y sobre qué pensar del fin de la existencia. Y lo hace con una escritura que es a la vez literaria, íntima y filosóficamente rigurosa.»Richard Moran (Universidad de Harvard)