The Eye PDF Download

The Eye PDF
Author: Michael F. Land
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Size: 49.41 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 105
View: 7560

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In this Very Short Introduction, Michael Land introduces all aspects of the eye and vision in both human and animals. He looks at the features of the human eye and retina, explores the evolution of eyes, and considers aspects of visual perception, including eye movements, vision in three dimensions, colour vision, and visual recognition.

Citizenship A Very Short Introduction PDF Download

Citizenship  A Very Short Introduction PDF
Author: Richard Bellamy
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Size: 79.63 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 133
View: 5479

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Interest in citizenship has never been higher. But what does it mean to be a citizen in a modern, complex community? Richard Bellamy approaches the subject of citizenship from a political perspective and, in clear and accessible language, addresses the complexities behind this highly topical issue.

Copernicus A Very Short Introduction PDF Download

Copernicus  a Very Short Introduction PDF
Author: Owen Gingerich
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Size: 48.66 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Biography & Autobiography
Languages : en
Pages : 120
View: 5850

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Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543) is a pivotal figure in the birth of modern science, the astronomer who "stopped the sun and set the earth in motion." Born in Poland, educated at Cracow and then in Italy, he served all of his adult life as a church administrator. His vision of a sun-centered universe, shocking to many and unbelievable to most, turned out to be the essential blueprint for a physical understanding of celestial motions, thereby triggering what is commonly called "the Copernican revolution." A first edition of his world-changing treatise, De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium, has most recently been auctioned for more than $2 million. In this book, leading historian of science Owen Gingerich sets Copernicus in the context of a rapidly changing world, where the recent invention of printing with moveable type not only made sources more readily available to him, but also fueled Martin's Luther's transformation of the religious landscape. In an era of geographical exploration and discovery, new ideas were replacing time-honored concepts about the extent of inhabited continents. Gingerich reveals Copernicus' heliocentric revolution as an aesthetic achievement not dictated by observational "proofs," but another new way of looking at the ancient cosmos. Deftly combining astronomy and history, this Very Short Introduction offers a fascinating portray of the man who launched the modern vision of the universe. Out of Gingerich's engaging biography emerges the image of a scientist, intellectual, patriot, and reformer, who lived in an era when political as well as religious beliefs were shifting.

Biometrics A Very Short Introduction PDF Download

Biometrics  a Very Short Introduction PDF
Author: Michael Fairhurst
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Size: 62.20 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 144
View: 1001

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We live in a society which is increasingly interconnected, in which communication between individuals is mostly mediated via some electronic platform, and transactions are often carried out remotely. In such a world, traditional notions of trust and confidence in the identity of those with whom we are interacting, taken for granted in the past, can be much less reliable. Biometrics -- the scientific discipline of identifying individuals by means of the measurement of unique personal attributes -- provides a reliable means of establishing or confirming an individual's identity. These attributes include facial appearance, fingerprints, iris patterning, the voice, the way we write, or even the way we walk. The new technologies of biometrics have a wide range of practical applications, from securing mobile phones and laptops to establishing identity in bank transactions, travel documents, and national identity cards. This Very Short Introduction considers the capabilities of biometrics-based identity checking, from first principles to the practicalities of using different types of identification data. Michael Fairhurst looks at the basic techniques in use today, ongoing developments in system design, and emerging technologies, all aimed at improving precision in identification, and providing solutions to an increasingly wide range of practical problems. Considering how they may continue to develop in the future, Fairhurst explores the benefits and limitations of these pervasive and powerful technologies, and how they can effectively support our increasingly interconnected society. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Genius A Very Short Introduction PDF Download

Genius  A Very Short Introduction PDF
Author: Andrew Robinson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Size: 53.25 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 135
View: 4699

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The first concise study of genius in both the arts and the sciences, using the life and work of famous geniuses to illuminate this phenomenon.-publisher description.

Postcolonialism A Very Short Introduction PDF Download

Postcolonialism  a Very Short Introduction PDF
Author: Robert J. C. Young
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Size: 28.65 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 200
View: 2303

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Since the 1960s, many people around the world have challenged the idea that western perspectives are the only ones that count. This book examines the history of that challenge, outlining the ideas behind it, and showing the ways in which the histories and the cultures of the world can be rethought in new, different and productive directions.

Egyptian Myth A Very Short Introduction PDF Download

Egyptian Myth  A Very Short Introduction PDF
Author: Geraldine Pinch
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Size: 55.34 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 160
View: 5035

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The complex world of Egyptian myth is clearly illuminated in this fascinating new approach to ancient Egypt. Geraldine Pinch explores the cultural and historical background behind a wide variety of sources and objects, from Cleopatra's Needle and Tutankhamun's golden statue, to a story on papyrus of the gods misbehaving. What did they mean, and how have they been interpreted? The reader is taken on an exciting journey through the distant past, and shown how myths of deities such as Isis and Osiris influenced contemporary culture and have become part of our cultural heritage. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Cognitive Neuroscience PDF Download

Cognitive Neuroscience PDF
Author: Richard Passingham
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Size: 41.78 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 152
View: 4279

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Up to the 1960s, psychology was deeply under the influence of behaviourism, which focused on stimuli and responses, and regarded consideration of what may happen in the mind as unapproachable scientifically. This began to change with the devising of methods to try to tap into what was going on in the 'black box' of the mind, and the development of 'cognitive psychology'. With the study of patients who had suffered brain damage or injury to limited parts of the brain, outlines of brain components and processes began to take shape, and by the end of the 1970s, a new science, cognitive neuroscience, was born. But it was with the development of ways of accessing activation of the working brain using imaging techniques such as PET and fMRI that cognitive neuroscience came into its own, as a science cutting across psychology and neuroscience, with strong connections to philosophy of mind. Experiments involving subjects in scanners while doing various tasks, thinking, problem solving, and remembering are shedding light on the brain processes involved. The research is exciting and new, and often makes media headlines. But there is much misunderstanding about what brain imaging tells us, and the interpretation of studies on cognition. In this Very Short Introduction Richard Passingham, a distinguished cognitive neuroscientist, gives a provocative and exciting account of the nature and scope of this relatively new field, and the techniques available to us, focusing on investigation of the human brain. He explains what brain imaging shows, pointing out common misconceptions, and gives a brief overview of the different aspects of human cognition: perceiving, attending, remembering, reasoning, deciding, and acting. Passingham concludes with a discussion of the exciting advances that may lie ahead. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Philosophy A Very Short Introduction PDF Download

Philosophy  a Very Short Introduction PDF
Author: Edward Craig
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Size: 60.15 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 168
View: 5907

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How ought we to live? What really exists? How do we know? Edward Craig discusses some of the key questions philosophy engages with. He explores important themes in ethics, knowledge, and the self, alongside a new chapter for this edition on free will, discussing determinism and indeterminism in the context of Descartes and Hegel's work.

Silent Film A Very Short Introduction PDF Download

Silent Film  a Very Short Introduction PDF
Author: Donna Kornhaber
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Size: 61.92 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Silent films
Languages : en
Pages : 160
View: 4265

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"Silent Film: A Very Short Introduction covers the full span of the silent era, touching on films and filmmakers from every corner of the globe, and focusing on how the public experienced these films. Silent film evolved during three main periods; early, transitional, and classical. First seen as a technological attraction, it rapidly grew into a medium for telling longer stories. Silent film was genuinely global, with countries all around the world using cinema to tell stories and develop their own industries. Sound was introduced to cinema in the late 1920s, but with elements of silent film still around today, there is an argument for it never having ended"--

Mile Zola A Very Short Introduction PDF Download

  mile Zola  a Very Short Introduction PDF
Author: Brian Nelson
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Size: 55.12 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Biography & Autobiography
Languages : en
Pages : 168
View: 7103

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�mile Zola was the leader of the literary movement known as 'naturalism' and is one of the great figures of the novel. In his monumental Les Rougon-Macquart (1871-93), he explored the social and cultural landscape of the late nineteenth century in ways that scandalized bourgeois society. Zola opened the novel up to a new realm of subjects, including the realities of working-class life, class relations, and questions of gender and sexuality, and his writing embodied a new freedom of expression, with his bold, outspoken voice often inviting controversy. In this Very Short Introduction, Brian Nelson examines Zola's major themes and narrative art. He illuminates the social and political contexts of Zola's work, and provides readings of five individual novels (The Belly of Paris, L'Assommoir, The Ladies' Paradise, Germinal, and Earth). Zola's naturalist theories, which attempted to align literature with science, helped to generate the stereotypical notion that his fiction was somehow nonfictional. Nelson, however, reveals how the most distinctive elements of Zola's writing go far beyond his theoretical naturalism, giving his novels their unique force. Throughout, he sets Zola's work in context, considering his relations with contemporary painters, his role in the Dreyfus Affair, and his eventual murder. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Photography A Very Short Introduction PDF Download

Photography  A Very Short Introduction PDF
Author: Steve Edwards
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Size: 48.86 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Photography
Languages : en
Pages : 176
View: 4236

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Photographs are an integral part of our daily lives from sensationalist images in tabloid papers and snapshots, to art photograpy displayed in galleries and sold through international art markets. In this thought-provoking exploration of the subject, Edwards combines a sense of the historical development of photography with an analysis of its purpose and meaning within a wider cultural context. He interrogates the way we look and think about photographs, and considers such issues as truth and recording, objectivity and fine art, identity and memory. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.